Tuesday, December 2, 2014

In a post earlier this week, mention was made of a 2003 Montagu Reunion to take place in England. It was also suggested that a tour of the sites attributed to the Montagus would be a good idea. To this end, I have researched the Historic Estates of the three (3) Montagu/e family groups. Montacuto/Montagu: Earls of Salisbury Line We must keep in mind that none of the following estates still exist, and therefore can not be viewed on a tour. 1. Knowle Park: Granted to Drogo de Montacuto as tenant in chief for King William I in Doomsday Book for Somersetshire 1086. 2. Bishopstone: 1 hide of land (approx 100 acres) as under- tenant for Robert of Mortain. (Somerset) 3. Sherborne Castle: Custodian 4. Beaumaris Castle: Custodian (Dorset) 5. Berkingham Castle: Custodian (Devon) 6. Yardlington: (Somerset) 7. Donyat: held as under-tenant of Robert of Mortain, later granted in fee simple. This became the family seat of the Earls of Salisbury. (Somerset) 8. Various other very small holdings which were held as tenancys of either the King or Robert of Mortain. (Dorset, Devon, Kent, Norfolk, Oxfordshire) The Montacuto/Montagus lost all their holdings in 1400 with the attainer of John Montagu, who was beheaded for treason against the crown. The only property returned to his son Thomas in 1461 was Donyat, the family seat. There are two properties which have come to be associated with the Earls of Salisbury, but in fact had nothing to do with them. CASTLE MONTACUTE: This was the personal holding and seat of the Robert, Earl of Mortain, half-brother of William I. YOEVIL: Belonged to Robert of Mortain (Buckinghamshire) This property is often mentioned as a possible connection between the Earls of Salisbury and the Boveney Montague family, but there is no historic connection between the Salisbury Montagus and this estate. Ladde/Montagu: Earls of Manchester, Baron Montagu of Kimbolton, Earls of Sandwich, Baron Hinchingbrooke, Baron Montagu of Boughton, Dukes of Manchester, Dukes of Montagu. 1. Boughton House: Purchased by Edward Montagu in 1428 from St. Edmundsbury Abbey. (Northamptonshire) (Family Seat) 2. Kimbolton Castle: Purchased by Henry Montagu Earl of Manchester, in 1615 from the Wingfeild Family. (Huntingdonshire) 3. Hinchingbrooke: Purchased from Oliver Cromwell,the uncle of Lord Protector Cromwell, by Henry Montagu, Earl of Manchester in 1627 for his brother the Earl of Sandwich. (Huntingdonshire) 4. Hemington Manor: Purchased in 1486 by Thomas Montagu. (Northamptonshire) 5. Montagu House: Built by Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Manchester in 1675, became the London Museum (Bloomsbury, London) 6. Ditton Park: Inherited by Ralph Montagu in 1688. (Buckinghamshire) 7. Barnwell Manor: Purchased by Sir Edward Montagu in 1540. (Northamptonshire) 8. Beaulieu Palace: Inherited by Ralph Montagu in 1690, now the home of the Montagu-Scott-Douglas', Dukes of Buccleuch. ** This is the estate that everyone visits, where the Montagu Coat of Arms are displayed in a fine tapestry, as well as a beautiful illustrated family tree. 9. Various small holdings granted by the king. Boveney Montague Family: (Buckinghamshire) There is only one property attributed to this family. Lambard Manor: Home of the Boveney Montague family from 1560 to approximately 1650. Estate belonged to Thomas Grove who willed it to his daughter Anne in 1558. Anne's mother Margaret Grove (Malthous) married William Montague in 1560, at which time William moved into the estate. Anne died in 1665, and per Thomas Grove's will the Manor and estate passed to his nephew William Grove, who rented the property to the Montague's for twenty-six shillings, eight pence a year. At some point the Montague's must have purchased the estate; because the name is changed to 'Mountagues Lambards' and is so named in a will dated 1606 of one Thomas Eyre (PCC,40 Huddleston) in which he is leaving 40 acres of land purchased from William Montague, a parcel once belonging to 'Montague's Lambards' to his son. I can find no further mention of the family at this estate after 1650, as attested by the muster rolls, and tax rolls, and a search of the extant parish registers proved fruitless. Myrtle Hyde did a very complete study of this family, and per her article in the NEHG, Vol 142, 1988, Peter Montague and his wife Ellen Allen, appartently removed to Warfield, Berkshire by 1630, where they were assigned church seats in the parish church