Wednesday, July 30, 2014


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It has just become -known, through no fault of his own, that Marconi, the Italian wizard, is planning important new applications of the principle of wireless transmission. Indeed, it would not prove very surprising if the prospective advance in the science turns out to be as long a step forward as any which has heretofore marked the progress of the Twentieth Century mode of communication.
The public had its first hint of Marconi’s fresh ambitions when the inventor recently paid an extended-visit to the island of Newfoundland, and news dispatches from St. ]ohn’s carried the announcement that this outpost of the continent had been chosen as the site of a larger and more elaborate wireless station than the Marconi interests have heretofore had on this side of the Atlantic. However, the most interesting part of the story remains to be told. It concerns Marconi's cherished project for a new station in Ireland—one that will realize ideals over which he has long dreamed.
It may be explained just here that Marconi has decided to make the Emerald Isle the chief scene and center of his operations and experiments. As our readers know, the eastern terminus of the Marconi trans-Atlantic service has been located for some years past on the Irish coast and the existence of favorable natural conditions has combined with sentiment to influence the pioneer in the wireless field to concentrate his efforts here. In explanation of the sentimental factor it may be recalled that Marconi married an Irish beautyand following the example of the invaders of old who married Irish women, he bids fair to become more Irish than the Irish themselves.
The new Marconi station will not only present important innovations in equipment——regarding the exact nature of which the inventor will disclose nothing —but it will constitute a novelty in that it will be perched on a mountain peak, or, perhaps it would be more correct to say on top of a mountain range. In other words Marconi has induced Nature to give him at slight cost, the advantage of an elevation several times as great as that which the United States government will attain at heavy expense through the erection of lofty steel towers for its principal wireless station located near \Vashington, D. C. In this provision of a natural situation Ireland gives the inventor a unique advantage, for in no other equally good location on either side of the Atlantic can there be found lofty mountains at the very edge of the open sea.

The sending and receiving station which, since the establishment of trans-Atlantic wireless communication has handled the Marconi grams passing between the two continents, is located a short distance from the little citv
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of Clifden which occupies " T" ' * *"' ‘ l an almost central location on EUGENEZIMMERHANHAR
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Clifden, the c a p i t a l of County Connemara and the terminus of the railway, is advantageously situated at the head of and well above Clifden Bay, itself an inlet of Ardbear Bay, and the Marconi station would seem to have every possible advantage of site except great altitude above sea level. This latter Mr. Marconi now proposes to secure by making a new base of operations in the heart of the mountains of Connemara some dozen miles from Clifden. According to the present tentative plan the plant at Clifden will not be abandoned, but will be continued as a sending station. A receiving station will be established on top of the mountains at the Pass of Kylemore. The mountains here appear as solid masses of marble and granite, but scantily covered with earth

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in many places and with but a meagre vegetation. They rise to a ma-ximum height of 2,700 feet.
A most spectacular phase of the project is Mr. Marconi’s scheme for arranging his antennae. The aerial will not be supported on a pole in the usual manner, but will be suspended in a far flung span between two of the mountain peaks. A person who has had any opportunity to observe the wild gales that sweep along this exposed and rocky coast cannot but marvel at the suggestion that so extended a span will stand up in the face of the buffetings of the wind, but Mr. Marconi and his engineers have already conducted extensive experiments with such a wire system stretched between Diamond Mountain and its neighbor at Kylemore and the results are said to have been such as to confirm their confidence in the feasibility of the undertaking.
From the standpoint of Americans one of the most interesting features of the enterprise is that Mr. Marconi is, in effect, to have an American partner—none other than Mr. Eugene Zimmerman of Cincinnati, the Standard Oil and railroad magnate. Mr. Zimmerman some years ago purchased for his only daughter, the Duchess of Manchester, Kylemore castle and estate, one of the most famous estates in the United Kingdom, and upon which the previous owner had expended $25,000,000. Since acquiring the property Mr.Eugene Zimmerman has spent a considerable portion of each year at Kylemore, and with the instinct of an American business man has set about developing the dormant resources of the great holding which aggregates thousands of acres.
A notable outcome of the new policy at the Kylemore estate is the arrangement whereby Mr. Zimmerman undertakes to develop electrical power for the Marconi installations. Current will be supplied not only for the new receiving station iatop the mountains opposite Kylemore castle, but also for the sending
station at. Clifden, where coal—and coal obtained at no low price—is now used in the generation of power. Water power will generate electricity at- Kylemore— indeed is already doing so on a small scale. On top the mountain which rises in a sheer wall of rock directly behind Kylemore castle are located two lakes which yield a never failing and virtually limitless supply of water with a possible height of fall by comparison with which that at Niagara appears a pigmy. It is the plan of Mr. Zimmerman to carry a 24-inch pipe up the face of this mountain—in itself no slight chore—and to construct an electric power plant that will be as exceptional in its way as will the Marconi station on the neighboring ridge.
Tampering with Lock Gives Alarm
A lock, the invention of Louis Nagy, New York City, is so made that any attempt to turn the knob or use a key to throw back the bolt causes an electric bell to ring, the circuit being closed by springs in the lock. \l\*'ires from the lock run to contact buttons on the edge of the door, these buttons pressing against springs on the door jam. which place the alarm in service when the door is closed.