Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Sir Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester (ca. 1563 – 7 November 1642) was an English judge, politician and peer.

He was the son of Edward Montagu of Boughton and grandson of Sir Edward MontaguLord Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 1539 to 1545, who was named by King Henry VIII one of the executors of his will, and governor to his son, Edward VI.
Born at Boughton, Northamptonshire, about 1563, Henry was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge,[3] and, having been called to the bar, was elected recorder ofLondon in 1603, and in 1616 was made Chief Justice of the King's Bench, in which office it fell to him to pass sentence on Sir Walter Raleigh in October 1618.
In 1620 he was appointed Lord High Treasurer, being raised to the peerage asBaron Montagu of Kimbolton,Huntingdonshire, and Viscount Mandeville. He became President of the Council in 1621, in which office he was continued by Charles I, who created him Earl of Manchester in 1626. In 1628 he became Lord Privy Seal, and in 1635 a commissioner of the treasury. Although from the beginning of his public life in 1601, when he first entered Parliament, Manchester had inclined to the popular side in politics, he managed to retain to the end the favour of the King. He was a judge of theStar Chamber, and one of the most trusted councillors of Charles I. His loyalty, ability, and honesty were warmly praised byClarendon. In conjunction with Coventry, the Lord Keeper, he pronounced an opinion in favour of the legality of ship money in 1634. He died on 7 November 1642.