Tuesday, December 6, 2011



Sep 2  -  Royalist victory at Lostwithiel 
A Parliamentarian army controlled by the Earl of Essex surrendered to Charles I at Lostwithiel. Essex and some of his men managed to escape. Essex got to the coast and found a boat.3

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Oct 27  -  Second battle of Newbury 
Charles I met Parliamentary forces led by the Earl of Manchester and William Waller at Newbury. A disjointed attack by Manchester and Waller on different fronts failed to defeat the Royalist army but it was enough to leave Charles' position in peril so the King retreated and during the night his army was able to evade Manchester's outposts and escape towards Wallingford.3

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Nov 9  -  Charles returns to Donnington 
Charles I returned to Donnington Castle to get the guns he had left there. A battle could have been fought, one that the King was willing to take part it, but Manchester and the committee of generals declined because their forces were not in a fit state.3

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Dec 9  -  Parliament debates the failures of the army 
Parliament wanted a report into the failings of the army against King Charles I. At first the Earl of Manchester was blamed for his lack of commitment in the field but, to prevent a serious split in the country, Cromwell put forward a suggestion to change how the army was controlled. Cromwell admitted that being a commander was not easy and he himself had made mistakes on the battlefield. Cromwell's suggestion was that no member of the Commons or Lords should control an army. This would mean Manchester and the other generals would have to resign. It meant Cromwell himself would have to do so as well. Cromwell suggested that the army should reorganised.3

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Dec 19  -  Self-Denying Ordinance 
In Parliament the Commons agreed the conditions of the first Self-Defying Ordinance and passed it on to the Lords for their agreement. The Ordinance prevented a member of Parliament holding a military position.3