Saturday, August 6, 2011

The Duke of Manchester History and the family name Montagu The Earl of Sandwich


Duke of Manchester

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Dukedom of Manchester
Creation date13 April 1719
Created byGeorge I of Great Britain
PeeragePeerage of Great Britain
First holderCharles Montagu, 4th Earl of Manchester
Present holderAlexander Montagu, 13th Duke
Heir apparentAlexander Montagu, Viscount Mandeville
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Kimbolton Castle in 1880, the former seat of the Dukes of Manchester.
Duke of Manchester is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1719 for the politician Charles Montagu, 4th Earl of Manchester. He notably served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department. The Montagu family descends from Sir Edward Montagu, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. His son Sir Henry Montagu also served as Lord Chief Justice of the King's bench as well as Lord High Treasurer of England and Lord Privy Seal. In 1620 he was raised to the Peerage of England as Baron Montagu of Kimbolton, of Kimbolton in the County of Huntingdon, and Viscount Mandeville. In 1626 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Manchester, also in the Peerage of England. His son, the second Earl, was a prominent Parliamentary General during the Civil War but later supported the restoration of Charles II.
His son, the third Earl, represented Huntingdonshire in the House of Commons. His son was the aforementioned fourth Earl, who was created Duke of Manchester in 1719. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Duke. He notably served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard in the administration of Sir Robert Walpole. He was childless and on his death the titles passed to his younger brother, the third Duke. He had earlier represented Huntingdonshire in Parliament. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Duke. He was Ambassador to France and served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household. His son, the fifth Duke, was Governor of Jamaica for many years and also held office as Postmaster General between 1827 and 1830. He was succeeded by his son, the sixth Duke. He represented Huntingdon in the House of Commons as a Tory.
His eldest son, the seventh Duke, was Conservative Member of Parliament for Bewdley and Huntingdonshire. His son, the eighth Duke, briefly represented Huntingdonshire in Parliament. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the ninth Duke. He sat on the Liberal benches in the House of Lords and served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard in the Liberal administration of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman. As of 2007 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the thirteenth Duke, who succeeded his father in 2002 (who in his turn had succeeded his elder brother in 1985).
The heir apparent is styled Viscount Mandeville, and the heir apparent's heir apparent (when such exists), in one of only two exceptions (the other being Marquess of Londonderry) to the 'rule' that the heirs of Viscounts do not use courtesy peerages, is styled Lord Kimbolton.[citation needed]
The traditional estate of the family was at Kimbolton Castle, but the 10th Duke sold it in 1950, while residing in Kenya; it is now a private school, Kimbolton School. However, only some 50 acres of parkland was sold together with the castle and the 10th Duke retained some 3250 acres of the Kimbolton agricultural estate. This was, however, sold by the eldest son and heir of the 10th Duke in 1975, shortly before the death of his father. The current and 13th Duke lives in California. The family also used to own Tandragee Castle, Co Armagh. They sold it in 1955 and it is now the headquarters of Tayto (NI) Ltd, a potato crisp manufacturer.
Several other members of the Montagu family have been elevated to the peerage. The first Earl of Manchester was the younger brother of Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton, the ancestor of the Dukes of Montagu, and the uncle of Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich.

Contents

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[edit] Earls of Manchester (1626)

Other titles: Viscount Mandeville and Baron Montagu of Kimbolton, of Kimbolton in the county of Huntingdon (1620)

[edit] Dukes of Manchester (1719)

Other titles: Earl of Manchester (1626), Viscount Mandeville and Baron Montagu of Kimbolton, of Kimbolton in the county of Huntingdon (1620)
Heir apparent: Alexander Montagu, Viscount Mandeville (b. 1993), only son of the 13th Duke

[edit] Line of succession

  1. Alexander Michael Charles David Francis George Edward William Kimble Drogo Montagu, Viscount Mandeville (b. 1993) (only son of the 13th Duke)
  2. Lord Kimble William Drogo Montagu (b. 1964) (younger son of the 12th Duke)
  3. William Anthony Drogo Montagu (b. 2000) (only son of Lord Kimble)
  4. Michael Anthony Montagu (b. 1955) (great-great-grandson of Lord Robert Montagu, second son of the 6th Duke, through his second son Robert Acheson Cromie Montagu)
  5. Henry Robert Sanderson Montagu (b. 1935) (first cousin once removed of Michael Montagu)
  6. Cyril John Sanderson Montagu (b. 1937) (younger brother of Henry Montagu)
  7. Graeme Peter Montagu (b. 1967) (elder son of Cyril Montagu)
  8. Christopher John Montagu (b. 1968) (younger son of Cyril Montagu)
  9. Gerard Philip Sanderson Montagu (b. 1940) (younger brother of Henry and Cyril Montagu)
  10. Matthew Gerard Montagu (b. 1976) (only son of Gerard Montagu)
  11. Robert Drogo Montagu (b. 1947) (great-grandson of Lord Robert Montagu through his fourth son Henry Bernard Montagu)
  12. James Drogo Montagu (b. 1975) (only son of Robert Montagu)
  13. Christopher Bernard Montagu (b. 1950) (younger brother of Robert Montagu)
  14. David William Montagu (b. 1976) (elder son of Christopher Montagu)
  15. Thomas Edward Montagu (b. 1979) (younger son of Christopher Montagu)
The only potential heirs to the Earldom (and subsidiary titles) alone are the heirs male (if any survive) of the Hon. James Montagu, third son of the 1st Earl.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors), Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
  • http://www.thepeerage.com/
  • Scriven, Marcus, Splendour & Squalor. The Disgrace and Disintegration of Three Aristocratic Dynasties, London: Atlantic Books, 2009
Cracroft's Peerage

[edit] External links

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